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Tom and Jerry ist ein amerikanisches animiertes Franchise-Unternehmen und eine Reihe von Comedy-Kurzfilmen, die von William Hanna und Joseph Barbera gedreht wurden. Tom und Jerry ist eine US-amerikanische Serie von kurzen Zeichentrickfilmen, die von 19für das Kino produziert wurden. Die meisten Folgen. Summer is far from over! Tom & Jerry are still enjoying the sunshine, especially by the beach! Check out some of the best seaside moments from our favorite c. Thinking back to when i was a kid, I think about all the cartoons I used to watch and my favorite show was Tom and Jerry. Yes, it was violent in a comedic way but. Tom and Jerry Full Episodes In English 26 videos · Updated about 3 months ago. Tom and Jerry Full Episodes In English playPlay All.

Tom Abd Jerry

Thinking back to when i was a kid, I think about all the cartoons I used to watch and my favorite show was Tom and Jerry. Yes, it was violent in a comedic way but. Summer is far from over! Tom & Jerry are still enjoying the sunshine, especially by the beach! Check out some of the best seaside moments from our favorite c. Tom and Jerry ist ein amerikanisches animiertes Franchise-Unternehmen und eine Reihe von Comedy-Kurzfilmen, die von William Hanna und Joseph Barbera gedreht wurden. Tom und Jerry | TopMomente mit Spike. Ansehen. Tom und Jerry | Das Küken und Mr. Hyde. Ansehen. Tom & Jerry | Toto wird gerettet. Ansehen. Tom.

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Coyote and the Road Runnerincluded the uses of blackout gags and gags involving characters falling from high places. Release date. Jones had trouble adapting his style to England Premier League History and Jerry ' s brand of Paroli System, and a number of the cartoons favored full animation, personality Slots Online Zeus style over storyline. March 17, Retrieved May 21, Inanother direct-to-video film, Tom and Information About Mermaids Shiver Me Whiskerstells the story about the pair having to work together to find the treasure.

Due to its very limited use of dialogue, Tom and Jerry was easily translated into various foreign languages. Tom and Jerry began broadcast in Japan in A nationwide survey taken in Japan by TV Asahi , sampling age groups from teenagers to adults in their sixties, ranked Tom and Jerry 85 in a list of the top " anime " of all time; while their web poll taken after the airing of the list ranked it at 58 — the only non-Japanese animation on the list, and beating anime classics like Tsubasa: Reservoir Chronicle , A Little Princess Sara , and the ultra-classics Macross and Ghost in the Shell.

In Japan, the word "anime" refers to all animation regardless of origin, not just Japanese animation.

Unlike some other Western cartoons such as Bob the Builder and Postman Pat , whose characters had to be doctored to have five fingers in each hand instead of the original four, [43] Tom and Jerry aired in Japan without such edits, as did other series starring non-human protagonists such as SpongeBob SquarePants.

Tom and Jerry have long since been popular in Germany. The different shorts are usually linked together with key scenes from Jerry's Diary , in which Tom reads about his and Jerry's past adventures.

The cartoons are introduced with rhyming German language verse, and when necessary, a German voice spoke the translations of English labels on items and similar information.

The show was aired in mainland China by CCTV in the mids to the early s and was extremely popular at the time. Collections of the show are still a prominent feature in Chinese book stores.

RPN aired most of Hanna-Barbera shorts from until ABS-CBN would later return to the air after the restoration of democracy in and air the same shorts as in the pre-martial law era.

This lasted until the end of Even though Gene Deitch 's shorts were created in Czechoslovakia — , the first official TV release of Tom and Jerry were in It was one of the few cartoons of western origin broadcast in Czechoslovakia and Romania until before the fall of the Soviet Union in In this scene, Tom also made a cameo as a servant.

Filmmakers had wanted Mickey Mouse for the scene, but Walt Disney had rejected the deal, as the Disney studio was focusing on its own cartoons to help pay off its debts after World War II.

On October 1, , the first international release of Tom and Jerry: The Movie arrived when the film was released overseas to theaters in Europe [46] and then domestically by Miramax Films on July 30, , [47] with future video and DVD releases that would be sold under Warner Bros.

Barbera served as creative consultant for the picture, which was produced and directed by Phil Roman. In , Warner Bros.

In , another direct-to-video film, Tom and Jerry: Shiver Me Whiskers , tells the story about the pair having to work together to find the treasure.

Joe came up with the storyline for the next film, Tom and Jerry: A Nutcracker Tale , as well as the initial idea of synchronizing the on-screen actions to music from Tchaikovsky's Nutcracker Suite.

The holiday-set animated film was released on DVD in late and dedicated to Barbera. It is the first made-for-video Tom and Jerry movie produced without any of the characters' original creators.

The next direct-to-video film, Tom and Jerry and the Wizard of Oz , was released on August 23, and was the first made-for-video Tom and Jerry movie made for Blu-ray.

It had a preview showing on Cartoon Network. Studios, Leavesden later in Like many animated cartoons from the s to the s, Tom and Jerry featured racial stereotypes.

Perhaps the most controversial element of the show is the character Mammy Two Shoes, a poor black maid who speaks in a stereotypical "black accent".

Joseph Barbera, who was responsible for these gags, claimed that they did not reflect his racial opinion; they were just reflecting what was common in society and cartoons at the time and were meant to be humorous.

Mammy Two-Shoes' voice was re-dubbed by Turner in the mids to make the character sound less stereotypical; the resulting accent sounds more Irish.

Three shorts in particular — His Mouse Friday , [a] which depicts cannibals, Casanova Cat , which features a scene where Jerry's face is blackened by Tom with cigar smoke, and Mouse Cleaning , where Tom is shown with blackface — have been removed from the Blu-ray DVD edition.

In Tom and Jerry's "Spotlight Collection" DVD, a disclaimer by Whoopi Goldberg warns viewers about the potentially offensive material in the cartoons and emphasizes that they were "wrong then and they are wrong today", borrowing a phrase from the Warner Bros.

Golden collection. The cartoons you are about to see are products of their time. They may depict some of the ethnic and racial prejudices that were commonplace in the U.

These depictions were wrong then and they are wrong today. While the following does not represent the Warner Bros. In , the British version of the Boomerang channel made plans to edit Tom and Jerry cartoons being aired in the UK where the characters were seen to be smoking.

There was a subsequent investigation by UK media watchdog Ofcom. In , it was reported that Cartoon Network of Brazil censored 27 shorts on the grounds of being "politically incorrect".

That title ran issues with Dell before being handed off to Western Publishing , where it ran until issue in Tom and Jerry continued to appear in various comic books for the rest of the 20th century.

A Tom and Jerry comic strip was syndicated from to Throughout the years, the term and title Tom and Jerry became practically synonymous with never-ending rivalry, as much as the related "cat and mouse fight" metaphor has.

Yet in Tom and Jerry it was not the more powerful Tom who usually came out on top. Atari named the main pair of chips in the Jaguar 's chipset after the duo.

In , the magazine National Lampoon referenced Tom and Jerry in a violence-filled comic book parody, Kit 'n' Kaboodle. In an interview found on the DVD releases, several MADtv cast members stated that Tom and Jerry is one of their biggest influences for slapstick comedy.

Johnny Knoxville from Jackass has stated that watching Tom and Jerry inspired many of the stunts in the movies. In the pre-video era, Tom and Jerry cartoons were a popular subject for 8mm home movies, with the UK-based Walton Films issuing dozens of titles as colour one-reel Super 8 films, in both silent and sound editions.

Walton's agreement with MGM obligated them to release the films in slightly edited form, even though the single-reel format would have comfortably accommodated the cartoons' seven to eight minute running time.

The cartoons are all intact save for His Mouse Friday dialogue has been wiped and Saturday Evening Puss , which is the re-drawn version with June Foray's voice added.

There have been negative responses to Vol. A replacement program offering uncut versions of the shorts on DVD was later announced.

There are also negative responses to Vol. Almost all of the shorts contain re-dubbed Mammy Two-Shoes tracks.

Despite these cuts, His Mouse Friday , the only Tom and Jerry cartoon to be completely taken off the airwaves in some countries due to claims of racism, is included, unedited with the exception of zooming-in as on the North American set.

These are regular TV prints sent from the U. Shorts produced in CinemaScope are presented in pan and scan. Mouse Cleaning and Casanova Cat are presented uncut as part of these sets.

However, most of these cartoons are included in the UK version. Most shorts produced in CinemaScope are presented in pan and scan for showing on the aspect ratio television screen.

Prior to , the Gene Deitch-era shorts saw limited home media release outside of Europe and Asia. The sets were aimed at the collector in a way that the previous " Spotlight " DVD releases were not.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 27 August This article is about the animal cartoon series.

For other uses, see Tom and Jerry disambiguation. Hanna Barbera cartoon series. The title card seen in Tom and Jerry shorts from to Dunn — Harry E.

Release date. Running time. This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations.

Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. May Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: List of Tom and Jerry characters.

Main articles: Tom Cat and Jerry Mouse. Main article: Spike and Tyke characters. Main article: Nibbles Tom and Jerry. Main article: Mammy Two Shoes.

See also: List of Tom and Jerry feature films. Fred Quimby —52 Kelly Jarvis — Main article: List of Tom and Jerry video games.

This article appears to contain trivial, minor, or unrelated references to popular culture. Please reorganize this content to explain the subject's impact on popular culture, providing citations to reliable, secondary sources , rather than simply listing appearances.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. January This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

June Learn how and when to remove this template message. For a list of all theatrical Tom and Jerry cartoon shorts, see Tom and Jerry filmography.

Animation portal Film portal United States portal. Radio Times. Retrieved February 10, American Literary History.

My Old Radio Show. Oxford English Dictionary 2 ed. Asbury Park Press. Retrieved January 19, — via Newspapers. Caster Star-Tribune. Retrieved January 18, — via Newspapers.

The Observer. September 22, Retrieved January 20, — via Newspapers. Interview with Joseph Barbera Digital. Archive of American Television.

Rembrandt Films. Retrieved August 17, The Wall Street Journal. Lehman, Christopher The New York Times.

Retrieved May 13, Tom and Jerry Animation World Network. Archived from the original on December 26, Retrieved September 27, Retrieved August 21, Archived from the original on September 12, Retrieved November 6, Retrieved November 16, Archived from the original on January 3, Retrieved January 3, Big Cartoon News.

October 8, Archived from the original on December 6, Google, LLC. Retrieved June 23, Retrieved September 14, BBC News.

August 21, Retrieved May 25, November 24, Archived from the original on November 24, August 25, Building a Company: Roy O.

Disney and the Creation of an Entertainment Empire. Variety Media, LLC. Archived from the original on August 19, Retrieved August 19, Los Angeles Times.

Archived from the original on October 19, Retrieved October 2, April 25, Retrieved April 25, Retrieved July 25, Forces of Geek.

March 17, Retrieved March 20, April 15, April 20, Karthik January 24, Pursue News. Retrieved January 28, Retrieved April 26, Retrieved May 21, Retrieved July 2, The Hollywood Reporter.

Retrieved March 14, Retrieved October 25, Release Date Change Friday". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved June 12, March 10, Retrieved March 9, O Globo in Portuguese.

September 25, Archived from the original on February 22, Retrieved September 25, September 26, Archived from the original on September 28, Retrieved September 26, Archived from the original on August 25, Accessed Jan.

Retrieved August 23, Japan Kuru. Global Daily Co. September Tom and Jerry". Archived from the original on October 8, The Krusty the Clown Homepage.

Archived from the original on November 18, Retrieved September 17, Archived from the original on August 10, National Lampoon. June TV Guide.

Vice Magazine. Archived from the original on October 7, Retrieved December 3, While racing in the Amazonian jungle, Tom cheats by switching a sign that indicates the road where the racers should take, resulting in Soccer Mom's elimination when she accidentally drives her minivan into a pit of quicksand.

Steed once again wins with Grammy following in second, but J. Hosts Biff Buzzard and Buzz Blister announce that the next leg of the race will begin in Antarctica and that the racers will have to modify their vehicles for ocean travel.

On the way to Antarctica, Steed's vehicle sinks, resulting in his elimination and death when he encounters a mermaid who is a sea monster on a small island, who in turn proceeds to feed him to her ravenous offspring.

The first contestant to reach Antarctica is Gorthan, who is also eliminated when he accidentally causes himself and his vehicle to float away on an iceberg after being goaded into touching his tongue to a metal pole by Biff and Buzz.

As Tom, Jerry, and Grammy arrive, Grammy is eliminated when she and Squirty are accidentally swallowed by a whale thanks to Tom's machinations.

The hosts are then notified by J. While racing underwater, Tom faces several problems, such as his car being taken over by seals and his fish juice spray attracting sharks , ultimately resulting in his elimination when he crashes into a large block of concrete and is crushed by an anchor.

Upon arriving in Australia, Jerry then continues racing across Australia to Borneo , where the finish line has been reassigned to.

Grammy returns to the race when the whale that swallowed her and Squirty spits them out, while Tom also returns after Irving flies to Australia and rescues him under J.

The next leg of the race involves the racers modifying their vehicles with balloons for air travel to Borneo. While floating in the air, Tom inadvertently pops Grammy's balloons in an attempt to pop Jerry's, resulting in Grammy's elimination once again when she and Squirty fall to their deaths upon bickering over what they thought was a parachute.

Tom and Jerry are shocked at this latest last-minute change, but they proceed anyway and race through several major locations in Asia , Europe , the Atlantic and the U.

At the finish line, Tom and Jerry's jet planes break down, causing them to tie on the line. Although they both win because of the tie, J.

Refusing to do so, Tom and Jerry angrily attack J. An angry and disoriented J. In the epilogue, Tom and Jerry share their new mansion peacefully until Tom's owner shows up and acts like she owns the mansion, ordering Tom to get rid of Jerry.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Turner Entertainment Co. Warner Bros. Animation Warner Bros. Family Entertainment.

Release date. Running time. July 14, Retrieved July 31, Retrieved 22 October Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved September 1, Common Sense Media. Tom and Jerry.

Anchors Aweigh Dangerous When Wet William Hanna Joseph Barbera.

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The series features comic fights between an iconic pair of adversaries, a house cat Tom and a mouse Jerry. The plots of each short usually center on Tom and Jerry's numerous attempts to have the best of each other and the mayhem and destruction that follows.

Despite Tom's clever strategies whether they work or not , determined and energetic mindset, large size, and exceptional overall intelligence, he rarely succeeds in getting the best of Jerry, mainly because of Jerry's cunning abilities, luck, and his lack of tendencies in being a bit too reckless.

However, on several occasions, they have displayed genuine friendship and concern for each other's well-being. At other times, the pair set aside their rivalry in order to pursue a common goal, such as when a baby escapes the watch of a negligent babysitter, causing Tom and Jerry to pursue the baby and keep it away from danger, in the shorts Busy Buddies and Tot Watchers respectively.

Despite their endless attacks on one another, they have saved each other's lives every time they were truly in danger. The cartoons are known for some of the most violent cartoon gags ever devised in theatrical animation: Tom may use axes, hammers, firearms, firecrackers, explosives, traps and poison to kill Jerry.

On the other hand, Jerry's methods of retaliation are far more violent, with frequent success, including slicing Tom in half, decapitating him, shutting his head or fingers in a window or a door, stuffing Tom's tail in a waffle iron or a mangle , kicking him into a refrigerator, getting him electrocuted, pounding him with a mace , club or mallet , letting a tree or electric pole drive him into the ground, sticking matches into his feet and lighting them, tying him to a firework and setting it off, and so on.

However, there is no blood or gore in any scene. Music plays a very important part in the shorts, emphasizing the action, filling in for traditional sound effects, and lending emotion to the scenes.

Musical director Scott Bradley created complex scores that combined elements of jazz , classical, and pop music; Bradley often reprised contemporary pop songs, as well as songs from MGM films, including The Wizard of Oz and Meet Me in St.

Louis , which both starred Judy Garland in a leading role. Generally, there is little dialogue as Tom and Jerry almost never speak; however, minor characters are not similarly limited, and the two lead characters do speak English on rare occasions.

For example, the character Mammy Two Shoes has lines in nearly every cartoon in which she appears. Most of the vocal effects used for Tom and Jerry are their high-pitched laughs and gasping screams.

Tom named "Jasper" in his debut appearance is a gray and white mute domestic shorthair cat. He is usually but not always, portrayed as living a comfortable, or even pampered life, while Jerry named "Jinx" in his debut appearance is a small, brown mute, house mouse who always lives in close proximity to Tom.

Despite being very energetic, determined and much larger, Tom is no match for Jerry's wits. Jerry also possesses surprising strength for his size, approximately the equivalent of Tom's, lifting items such as anvils with relative ease and withstanding considerable impacts.

By the final "fade-out" of each cartoon, Jerry usually gets the best of Tom. However, other results may be reached. On rare occasions, Tom triumphs, usually when Jerry becomes the aggressor or he pushes Tom a little too far.

In The Million Dollar Cat Jerry learns that Tom will lose his newly acquired wealth if he harms any animal, especially mice; he then torments Tom a little too much until he retaliates.

In Timid Tabby Tom's look-alike cousin pushes Jerry over the edge. Occasionally and usually ironically, they both lose, usually because Jerry's last trap or attack on Tom backfires on him or he overlooks something.

Afterward, the shark scares Jerry away as well. Finally, they occasionally end up being friends, although, within this set of stories, there is often a last-minute event that ruins the truce.

One cartoon that has a friendly ending is Snowbody Loves Me. Both characters display sadistic tendencies, in that they are equally likely to take pleasure in tormenting each other, although it is often in response to a triggering event.

However, when one character appears to truly be in mortal danger from an unplanned situation or due to actions by a third party, the other will develop a conscience and save him.

Occasionally, they bond over a mutual sentiment towards an unpleasant experience and their attacking each other is more play than serious attacks.

Multiple shorts show the two getting along with minimal difficulty, and they are more than capable of working together when the situation calls for it, usually against a third party who manages to torture and humiliate them both.

Sometimes this partnership is forgotten quickly when an unexpected event happens, or when one character feels that the other is no longer necessary.

This is the case in Posse Cat , when they agree that Jerry will allow himself to be caught if Tom agrees to share his reward dinner, but Tom then reneges.

Other times, however, Tom does keep his promise to Jerry and the partnerships are not quickly dissolved after the problem is solved.

Tom changes his love interest many times. He is also interested in a cat called Toots in The Zoot Cat although she has a different appearance to the original Toots.

The most frequent love interest of Tom's is Toodles Galore , who never has any dialogue in the cartoons. Despite five shorts ending with a depiction of Tom's apparent death, his demise is never permanent; he even reads about his own death in a flashback in Jerry's Diary.

He appears to die in explosions in Mouse Trouble after which he is seen in heaven , Yankee Doodle Mouse and in Safety Second , while in The Two Mouseketeers he is guillotined offscreen.

The short Blue Cat Blues ends with both Tom and Jerry sitting on the railroad tracks with the intent of suicide while the whistle of an oncoming train is heard foreshadowing their imminent death.

Although many supporting and minor characters speak, Tom and Jerry rarely do so themselves. One exception is The Lonesome Mouse where they speak several times briefly, primarily Jerry, to contrive to get Tom back into the house.

In that short and Zoot Cat , Tom woos female cats using a deep, heavily French-accented voice in imitation of then-popular leading man, actor Charles Boyer.

Co-director William Hanna provided most of the squeaks, gasps, and other vocal effects for the pair, including the most famous sound effects from the series, Tom's leather-lunged scream created by recording Hanna's scream and eliminating the beginning and ending of the recording, leaving only the strongest part of the scream on the soundtrack and Jerry's nervous gulp.

The only other reasonably common vocalization is made by Tom when some external reference claims a certain scenario or eventuality to be impossible, which inevitably, ironically happens to thwart Tom's plans — at which point, a bedraggled and battered Tom appears and says in a haunting, echoing voice "Don't you believe it!

In the short Trap Happy , Tom hires a cat disguised as a mouse exterminator who, after several failed attempts to dispatch Jerry and suffering a lot of accidents in the process, changes profession to Cat exterminator by crossing out the "Mouse" on his title and writing "CAT", resulting in Tom spelling out the word out loud before reluctantly pointing at himself.

One short, 's Blue Cat Blues , is narrated by Jerry in voiceover voiced by Paul Frees as they try to win back their ladyfriends.

Tom and Jerry: The Movie is the first and so far only installment of the series where the famous cat-and-mouse duo regularly speaks.

In his attempts to catch Jerry, Tom often has to deal with Spike known as "Killer" and "Butch" in some shorts , an angry, vicious but easily duped bulldog who tries to attack Tom for bothering him or his son Tyke while trying to get Jerry.

Originally, Spike was unnamed and mute aside from howls and biting noises as well as attacking indiscriminately, not caring whether it was Tom or Jerry though usually attacking Tom.

In later cartoons, Spike spoke often, using a voice and expressions performed by Billy Bletcher and later Daws Butler modeled after comedian Jimmy Durante.

Spike's coat has altered throughout the years between gray and creamy tan. The addition of Spike's son Tyke in the late s led to both a slight softening of Spike's character and a short-lived spin-off theatrical series Spike and Tyke.

Most cartoons with Spike in them conform to a theme: usually, Spike is trying to accomplish something such as building a dog house or sleeping when Tom and Jerry's antics stop him doing it.

Spike then presumably due to prejudice singles out Tom as the culprit, and threatens him that if it ever happens again, he will do "something horrible" to him effectively forcing Tom to take the blame while Jerry overhears; afterward, Jerry usually does anything he can to interrupt whatever Spike is doing while Tom barely manages to stop him usually getting injured in the process.

Usually, Jerry does eventually wreck whatever Spike is doing in spectacular fashion and leaves Tom to take the blame, forcing him to flee from Spike and inevitably lose usually because Tom is usually framed by Jerry and that Spike just doesn't like Tom.

Off-screen, Spike does something to Tom and finally, Tom is generally shown injured or in a bad situation while Jerry smugly cuddles up to Spike unscathed.

Tom sometimes gets irritated with Spike an example is in That's My Pup! At least once, however, Tom does something that benefits Spike, who promises not to interfere ever again; causing Jerry to frantically leave the house and run into the distance in Hic-cup Pup.

Spike is well known for his famous " Listen pussycat! Tyke is described as a cute, sweet-looking, happy and lovable puppy.

He is Spike's son; but unlike Spike, Tyke does not speak and only communicates mostly towards his father by barking, yapping, wagging his tail, whimpering and growling.

Spike would always go out of his way to care and comfort his son and make sure that he is safe from Tom. Tyke loves his father and Spike loves his son and they get along like friends, although most of time they would be taking a nap or Spike would teach Tyke the main facts of life of being a dog.

Like Spike, Tyke's appearance has altered throughout the years, from gray with white paws to creamy tan. Butch is a black, cigar-smoking alley cat who also wants to eat Jerry.

He is Tom's most frequent adversary. However, for most of the shorts he appears in, he is usually seen rivaling Tom over Toodles. Butch was also Tom's chum as in some cartoons, where Butch is leader of Tom's alley cat buddies, who are mostly Lightning , Topsy , and Meathead.

Butch talks more often than Tom or Jerry in most shorts. Butch and Toodles were originally introduced in Hugh Harman 's short The Alley Cat , but were integrated into Tom and Jerry rather than continuing in their own series.

Nibbles is a small gray mouse who often appears in shorts as Jerry's nephew. He is a carefree individual who very rarely understands the danger of the situation, simply following instructions the best he can both to Jerry's command and his own innocent understanding of the situation.

This can lead to such results as "getting the cheese" by simply asking Tom to pick it up for him, rather than following Jerry's example of outmaneuvering and sneaking around Tom.

Many times Nibbles is an ally of Jerry in fights against Tom, including being the second Mouseketeer. He is given speaking roles in all his appearances as a Mouseketeer, often with a high-pitched French tone.

However, during a short in which he rescued Robin Hood, his voice was instead more masculine, gruff, and cockney accented. Mammy Two Shoes is a heavy-set, middle-aged black woman who often has to deal with the mayhem generated by the lead characters.

Voiced by character actress Lillian Randolph , she is often seen as the owner of Tom. Her face was only shown once, very briefly, in Saturday Evening Puss.

Mammy's appearances have often been edited out, dubbed, or re-animated as a slim white woman in later television showings, since her character is a mammy archetype now often regarded as racist.

Mayer wished to boost the animation department by encouraging the artists to develop some new cartoon characters, following the lack of success with its earlier cartoon series based on the Captain and the Kids comic strip.

Barbera then teamed with fellow Ising unit animator and director William Hanna and pitched new ideas, among them was the concept of two "equal characters who were always in conflict with each other".

The pair discussed their ideas with producer Fred Quimby , then the head of the short film department who, despite a lack of interest in it, gave them the green-light to produce one cartoon short.

Leonard Maltin described it as "very new and special [ The composer of the series, Scott Bradley , made it difficult for the musicians to perform his score which often involved the twelve-tone technique developed by Arnold Schoenberg.

Hanna and Barbera made minor adjustments to Tom and Jerry's appearance so they would "age gracefully".

Hanna and Barbera produced cartoons for MGM, thirteen of which were nominated for an Academy Award for Best Short Subject and seven went on to win, breaking the winning streak held by Walt Disney's studio in the category.

Tom and Jerry won more Academy Awards than any other character-based theatrical animated series. As per standard practice for American animation production at the time, Barbera and Hanna did not work with a script beforehand.

The rise in television in the s caused problems for the MGM animation studio, leading to budget cuts on Tom and Jerry cartoons due to decreased revenue from theatrical screenings.

However, the studio found that re-releases of older cartoons were earning as much as new ones, resulting in the executive decision to cease production on Tom and Jerry and later the animation studio on May 15, Before , all Tom and Jerry cartoons were produced in the standard Academy ratio and format; in and , some of the output was dually produced in dual versions: one Academy-ratio negative composed for a flat widescreen 1.

From until the close of the MGM cartoon studio a year later, all Tom and Jerry cartoons were produced in CinemaScope, some even had their soundtracks recorded in Perspecta directional audio.

All of the Hanna and Barbera cartoons were shot as successive color exposure negatives in Technicolor. Sound effects were produced by electronic music composer Tod Dockstader and Deitch.

The majority of vocal effects and voices in Deitch's films were provided by Allen Swift and Deitch. Deitch states that, being a " UPA man", he was not a fan of the Tom and Jerry cartoons, thinking they were "needlessly violent".

Background art was done in a more simplistic, angular, Art Deco -esque style. The soundtracks featured sparse and echoic electronic music , futuristic sound effects , heavy reverb , and dialogue that was mumbled rather than spoken.

Whereas Hanna-Barbera's shorts generally took place in and outside of a house, Deitch's shorts opted for more exotic locations, such as a 19th-century whaling ship, the jungles of Nairobi , an Ancient Greek acropolis, or the Wild West.

In addition, Mammy Two-Shoes was replaced as Tom's owner by a bald, overweight, short-tempered, middle-aged white man, who bore a striking resemblance to Clint Clobber.

Just like Spike the Bulldog, he is also much more brutal and violent in punishing Tom's actions as compared to previous owners, often beating and thrashing Tom repeatedly.

To avoid being linked to Communism, Deitch romanized the Czech names of his crew in the opening credits of the shorts e. Vogel had approved of Deitch and his team's work, but MGM decided not to renew their contract after Vogel's departure.

Deitch's shorts were commercial successes. In , the Tom and Jerry series became the highest-grossing animated short film series of that time, dethroning Looney Tunes , which had held the position for 16 years; this success was repeated once more in The s entries were done in Metrocolor but returned to the standard Academy ratio and format.

After the last of the Deitch cartoons were released, Chuck Jones , who had been fired from his plus year tenure at Warner Bros.

Beginning in , Jones and Goldman went on to produce 34 more Tom and Jerry shorts , all of which carried Jones' distinctive style and a slight psychedelic influence.

Jones had trouble adapting his style to Tom and Jerry ' s brand of humor, and a number of the cartoons favored full animation, personality and style over storyline.

Coyote , a less complex look including the color of his fur becoming gray , sharper ears, longer tail and furrier cheeks resembling Jones' Claude Cat or Sylvester , while Jerry was given larger eyes and ears, a lighter brown color, and a sweeter, Porky Pig -like expression.

Coyote and the Road Runner , included the uses of blackout gags and gags involving characters falling from high places.

Jones co-directed the majority of the shorts with layout artist Maurice Noble. These shorts contain a memorable opening theme, in which Tom first replaces the MGM lion, then is trapped inside the "O" of his name.

Though Jones's shorts were generally considered an improvement over Deitch's, they nevertheless had varying degrees of critical success.

MGM ceased production of Tom and Jerry shorts in , by which time Jones had moved on to television specials and the feature film The Phantom Tollbooth.

Beginning in , the Hanna and Barbera Tom and Jerry cartoons began to appear on television in heavily edited versions.

The Jones team was required to take the cartoons featuring Mammy Two Shoes and remove her by pasting over the scenes featuring her with new scenes.

Most of the time, she was replaced with a similarly fat white Irish woman; occasionally, as in Saturday Evening Puss , a thin white teenager took her place instead, with both characters voiced by June Foray.

However, recent telecasts on Cartoon Network and Boomerang retain Mammy with new voiceover work performed by Thea Vidale to remove the stereotypical black jargon featured on the original cartoon soundtracks.

The standard Tom and Jerry opening titles were removed as well. Instead of the roaring MGM Lion sequence, an opening sequence featuring different clips of the cartoons was used instead.

The title cards were also changed. A pink title card with the name written in white font was used instead.

This format has not been used in newer Tom and Jerry entrees. The Filmation Tom and Jerry cartoons were noticeably different from Hanna-Barbera's efforts, as they returned Tom and Jerry to the original chase formula, with a somewhat more " slapstick " humor format.

This incarnation, much like the version, was not as well-received by audiences as the originals, and lasted on CBS Saturday mornings from September 6, , to September 4, Turner sold the company a short while later, but retained MGM's pre film library, thus Tom and Jerry became the property of Turner Entertainment Co.

It featured a youthful version of the famous cat-and-mouse duo chasing each other. As with the H-B series, Jerry wears his red bowtie, while Tom now wears a red cap.

Spike and his son Tyke who now had talking dialogue , and Droopy and his son Dripple, appeared in back-up segments for the show, which ran until November 18, It featured Joe Barbera who was also a creative consultant as the voice of Tom's owner, whose face is never seen.

In this cartoon, Jerry, housed in a habitrail , is as much of a house pet as Tom is, and their owner has to remind Tom to not "blame everything on the mouse".

As part of the celebration of Tom and Jerry ' s sixty-fifth anniversary, this marked Barbera's first return as a writer, director and storyboard artist on the series since his and Hanna's original MGM cartoon shorts, and last overall; he would die shortly after production ended.

The short debuted on Cartoon Network on January 27, Thirteen half-hour episodes each consisting of three shorts, some of them—like The Karate Guard —were produced and completed in as part of a plus theatrical cartoon schedule aborted after the financial disaster of Looney Tunes: Back in Action were produced, with only markets outside of the United States and United Kingdom signed up.

The series was canceled in , shortly before the Kids' WB block shut down. Tales is also the first Tom and Jerry production presented in widescreen aspect ratio which was aired on Cartoon Network in the United States but cropped to fullscreen aspect ratio which was aired on The CW and Boomerang in the United States.

Cartoon Network , which began rerunning the Tom and Jerry Tales in January , subsequently aired a second series consisting of two minute shorts per episode that likewise sought to maintain the look, core characters and sensibility of the original theatrical shorts.

Similar to other reboot works like Scooby-Doo! Mystery Incorporated and The Looney Tunes Show , several episodes the new series brought Tom and Jerry into contemporary environments, telling new stories and relocating the characters to more fantastic worlds, from a medieval castle to a mad scientist's lab.

Originally slated for an undated Cartoon Network premiere [31] before being pushed back to April 9, , this is the second Tom and Jerry production presented in widescreen aspect ratio.

In November , a two-minute sketch was shown as part of the Children in Need telethon in the United Kingdom, the sketch was produced as a collaboration with Warner Bros.

When shown on terrestrial television in the United Kingdom from April to February , usually on the BBC Tom and Jerry cartoons were not edited for violence, and Mammy was retained.

When faced with disruption to the schedules for example when live broadcasts overran , the BBC would invariably turn to Tom and Jerry to fill any gaps, confident that it would retain much of an audience that might otherwise channel hop.

Due to its very limited use of dialogue, Tom and Jerry was easily translated into various foreign languages.

Tom and Jerry began broadcast in Japan in A nationwide survey taken in Japan by TV Asahi , sampling age groups from teenagers to adults in their sixties, ranked Tom and Jerry 85 in a list of the top " anime " of all time; while their web poll taken after the airing of the list ranked it at 58 — the only non-Japanese animation on the list, and beating anime classics like Tsubasa: Reservoir Chronicle , A Little Princess Sara , and the ultra-classics Macross and Ghost in the Shell.

In Japan, the word "anime" refers to all animation regardless of origin, not just Japanese animation. Unlike some other Western cartoons such as Bob the Builder and Postman Pat , whose characters had to be doctored to have five fingers in each hand instead of the original four, [43] Tom and Jerry aired in Japan without such edits, as did other series starring non-human protagonists such as SpongeBob SquarePants.

Tom and Jerry have long since been popular in Germany. The different shorts are usually linked together with key scenes from Jerry's Diary , in which Tom reads about his and Jerry's past adventures.

The cartoons are introduced with rhyming German language verse, and when necessary, a German voice spoke the translations of English labels on items and similar information.

The show was aired in mainland China by CCTV in the mids to the early s and was extremely popular at the time. Collections of the show are still a prominent feature in Chinese book stores.

RPN aired most of Hanna-Barbera shorts from until ABS-CBN would later return to the air after the restoration of democracy in and air the same shorts as in the pre-martial law era.

This lasted until the end of Even though Gene Deitch 's shorts were created in Czechoslovakia — , the first official TV release of Tom and Jerry were in It was one of the few cartoons of western origin broadcast in Czechoslovakia and Romania until before the fall of the Soviet Union in In this scene, Tom also made a cameo as a servant.

Filmmakers had wanted Mickey Mouse for the scene, but Walt Disney had rejected the deal, as the Disney studio was focusing on its own cartoons to help pay off its debts after World War II.

On October 1, , the first international release of Tom and Jerry: The Movie arrived when the film was released overseas to theaters in Europe [46] and then domestically by Miramax Films on July 30, , [47] with future video and DVD releases that would be sold under Warner Bros.

Barbera served as creative consultant for the picture, which was produced and directed by Phil Roman. In , Warner Bros. In , another direct-to-video film, Tom and Jerry: Shiver Me Whiskers , tells the story about the pair having to work together to find the treasure.

Joe came up with the storyline for the next film, Tom and Jerry: A Nutcracker Tale , as well as the initial idea of synchronizing the on-screen actions to music from Tchaikovsky's Nutcracker Suite.

The holiday-set animated film was released on DVD in late and dedicated to Barbera. It is the first made-for-video Tom and Jerry movie produced without any of the characters' original creators.

The next direct-to-video film, Tom and Jerry and the Wizard of Oz , was released on August 23, and was the first made-for-video Tom and Jerry movie made for Blu-ray.

It had a preview showing on Cartoon Network. Studios, Leavesden later in Like many animated cartoons from the s to the s, Tom and Jerry featured racial stereotypes.

Perhaps the most controversial element of the show is the character Mammy Two Shoes, a poor black maid who speaks in a stereotypical "black accent".

Joseph Barbera, who was responsible for these gags, claimed that they did not reflect his racial opinion; they were just reflecting what was common in society and cartoons at the time and were meant to be humorous.

Mammy Two-Shoes' voice was re-dubbed by Turner in the mids to make the character sound less stereotypical; the resulting accent sounds more Irish.

Three shorts in particular — His Mouse Friday , [a] which depicts cannibals, Casanova Cat , which features a scene where Jerry's face is blackened by Tom with cigar smoke, and Mouse Cleaning , where Tom is shown with blackface — have been removed from the Blu-ray DVD edition.

In Tom and Jerry's "Spotlight Collection" DVD, a disclaimer by Whoopi Goldberg warns viewers about the potentially offensive material in the cartoons and emphasizes that they were "wrong then and they are wrong today", borrowing a phrase from the Warner Bros.

Golden collection. The cartoons you are about to see are products of their time. They may depict some of the ethnic and racial prejudices that were commonplace in the U.

These depictions were wrong then and they are wrong today. While the following does not represent the Warner Bros.

In , the British version of the Boomerang channel made plans to edit Tom and Jerry cartoons being aired in the UK where the characters were seen to be smoking.

There was a subsequent investigation by UK media watchdog Ofcom. In , it was reported that Cartoon Network of Brazil censored 27 shorts on the grounds of being "politically incorrect".

That title ran issues with Dell before being handed off to Western Publishing , where it ran until issue in Tom and Jerry continued to appear in various comic books for the rest of the 20th century.

A Tom and Jerry comic strip was syndicated from to Throughout the years, the term and title Tom and Jerry became practically synonymous with never-ending rivalry, as much as the related "cat and mouse fight" metaphor has.

Yet in Tom and Jerry it was not the more powerful Tom who usually came out on top. An angry and disoriented J. In the epilogue, Tom and Jerry share their new mansion peacefully until Tom's owner shows up and acts like she owns the mansion, ordering Tom to get rid of Jerry.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Turner Entertainment Co. Warner Bros. Animation Warner Bros. Family Entertainment. Release date. Running time.

July 14, Retrieved July 31, Retrieved 22 October Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved September 1, Common Sense Media.

Tom and Jerry. Anchors Aweigh Dangerous When Wet William Hanna Joseph Barbera. What a Cartoon! Hanna-Barbera Beyond. Films Video games. What's New, Scooby-Doo?

ThunderCats ThunderCats Roar. Haunted Holidays Scooby-Doo! Dracula Scooby-Doo! Pirates Ahoy! Music of the Vampire Superman vs. Bizarro League Scooby-Doo!

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5 Comments

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